Top 10 World's Largest Hospitals
Healthcare Global takes a closer look at 10 of the largest Hospitals worldwide
10 | Vienna General Hospital - Austria
The Vienna General Hospital is the general hospital of the city of Vienna, Austria. It is also the city's university hospital, and the site of the Medical University of Vienna.
The origins of the hospital date back to Dr. Johann Franckh, who donated properties in 1686 after the end of the second Siege of Vienna. The building of the new AKH commenced in the summer of 1964; the total construction costs are equivalent, in 2004 values, to approximately 4.5 billion euro against an original budget of 72.67 million euro.
Currently, about 9,000 people are employed at the AKH. Of these, approximately 1,600 physicians and 4,500 allied health and nursing workers attend to patients. Annually, nearly 95,000 people are treated as inpatients, and another half a million attend the hospital's 384 outpatient clinics. Over 11,000 students are registered at the Medical University of Vienna.
9 | Singapore General Hospital - Singapore
The Singapore General Hospital is the largest and oldest hospital in Singapore.
The Singapore General Hospital was established in 1821, when the first General Hospital was located in the cantonment for British troops near the Singapore River. It later shifted to Pearl Banks apartment and then to the Kandang Kerbau district, before finally settling at Sepoy Lines along Outram Road in 1882.
On 31 March 2000, following a major reorganisation of the public sector healthcare services initiated by the Ministry of Health, the Singapore General Hospital came under the management of Singapore Health Services or SingHealth.
8 | Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust - England
Oxford University Hospitals is an English teaching hospital and part of the Shelford Group. It is one of the UK's largest teaching hospitals and one of the largest hospitals in Europe.
The Trust was formed in 2011 by a merger with the Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre NHS Trust. It achieved Foundation Trust status in October 2015. Sir Jonathan Michael, then chief executive, announced in November 2014 that he planned to retire in 2015 – by which time it was hoped that the Trust would achieve Foundation Trust status.
It provides a wide range of clinical services, specialist services (including cardiac, cancer, musculoskeletal and neurological rehabilitation) medical education, training and research.
7 | Rigshospitalet - Denmark
Rigshospitalet (meaning The National, State or Kingdom Hospital) is one of the largest hospitals in Denmark and the most highly specialised in Copenhagen. Its main building is a 16-storey functionalist highrise, one of the tallest structures in the central parts of the city.
The hospital originally opened in 1757 and was located in Bredgade in the building where the Museum of Art and Design is today. In 1910 the hospital was handed over to the state and moved to its current location. It also changed its name to Rigshospitalet as, from this date, the hospital was to be open to all citizens of the Danish Realm.
6 | Charite - Germany
The Charité, Berlin is one of Europe's largest university hospitals. With numerous Collaborative Research Centers (CRC) of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft it is one of Germany's most research-intensive medical institutions. From 2012 to 2019, it was ranked by Focus as the best of more than 1,000 hospitals in Germany.
The hospital was established to the north of the Berlin city walls in 1710 in anticipation of an outbreak of the bubonic plague that had already depopulated East Prussia. After the plague spared the city, it came to be used as a charity hospital for the poor. On 9 January 1727, Frederick William I of Prussia gave it the name Charité, meaning “charity”.
5 | Helsinki University Central Hospital - Finland
Helsinki University Central Hospital is the largest university hospital in Finland, and one of the largest in Europe. It encompasses 17 hospitals in Helsinki, Espoo and Vantaa, and has all major medical specialities represented.
Of the 17 hospitals, Töölö hospital is one of the largest trauma centres in northern Europe, with a catchment area of two million inhabitants. The hospital provides emergency care 24/7, with 20,000 trauma patients treated yearly. In disasters, Töölö hospital is the organising centre of specialised medical care for the whole Uusimaa region.
Another of the 17 hospitals is Meilahti Tower Hospital, which is situated in Meilahti hospital campus and is part of the Helsinki University Central Hospital. In Finland, all organ transplants in adult patients are exclusively performed here.
4 | Sahlgrenska University Hospital - Sweden
The Sahlgrenska University Hospital is a system of hospitals associated with the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, in Gothenburg, Sweden.
The hospital was originally named after Niclas Sahlgren, a Swedish merchant and director of the Swedish East India Company, after he made a donation in 1772. Today, the university hospital has grown to become one of the largest in Northern Europe.
In Sweden, the hospital has been awarded national healthcare assignments in more medical areas than any other hospital in the country. In fact, many treatments that have made a tremendous difference for patients around the world were developed here.
3 | University of São Paulo Faculty of Medicine Clinics Hospital - Brazil
The Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo is a complex of health institutions, located in various regions of the city of São Paulo, Brazil.
Founded on 19 April, 1944, it occupies a total area of 600,000 square meters and has 2,500 beds, which are distributed among its eight specialised institutes and two assisting hospitals.
The Hospital das Clínicas has eight specialised institutes (Central Institute, Psychiatry Institute, Heart Institute, Radiology Institute, Cancer Institute, Children and Adolescent’s Institute, Orthopedics and Traumatology Institute, Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation), as well as the Auxiliary Hospital of Suzano and the Future Alcohol and Drugs Institute.
2 | Oslo University Hospital - Norway
With over 24,000 employees, the Oslo University Hospital is one of the world's largest hospitals, and the largest in Northern Europe.
Oslo University Hospital was formed by the merger of the then-three university hospitals in Oslo in 2009. It is affiliated with the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Oslo and is one of the largest medical research institutions in Europe.
The hospital consists of fourteen medical divisions, in addition to a central management unit, the director's office, and a division that provides non-medical services to the rest of the hospital. Bjørn Erikstein has been managing director since 2011.
1 | The Johns Hopkins Hospital - USA
The Johns Hopkins Hospital is the teaching hospital and biomedical research facility of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, located in Baltimore, Maryland, in the United States.
It was founded in 1889 using money from a bequest of over $7mn at the time (worth $134.7mn in 2020) by city merchant, banker/financier, civic chief and philanthropist, Johns Hopkins.
The Johns Hopkins Hospital and The John Hopkins School of Medicine are considered to be the founding institutions of modern American medicine and the birthplace of numerous famous medical traditions including rounds, residents and house staff.
The hospital is widely regarded as one of the world's greatest hospitals and medical institutions.